California Institute for Water Resources
California Institute for Water Resources
California Institute for Water Resources
University of California
California Institute for Water Resources

Cropland Practices

Croplands practices reduce erosion and increase the carbon sequestration potential of a field under cultivation. Each practice is defined by NRCS conservation standards; link through 

  • Cover Cropping
    • Planting a crop that will not be harvested or grazed. This can improve water holding capacity and penetration and soil fertility but it can also increase irrigation needs. 
  • Conservation Crop Rotation
    • A planned crop rotation that uses the qualities of the different crops to reduce erosion and nutrient loss 
  • Mulching
    • Applying plant residues, like wood chips, dead cover crops, or compost, to the land. 
  • Nutrient Management that reduces synthetic fertilizer use by 15%
    • Producing a nutrient management plan that improves nutrient application efficiency and timing so that overall synthetic fertilizer use decreases by at least 15% 
  • No till
    • Managing crops without disturbing the soil with tillage operations. 
  • Reduced till
    • Managing crops by only tilling the soil when absolutely necessary and leaving as much soil undisturbed as possible 
  • Strip Cropping
    • Growing strips of erosion-resistant crops in between the strips of crops that are more susceptible to erosion, to decrease the overall erosion potential of a field 

Blooming crimson clover cover crop in almond orchard

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