Croplands practices reduce erosion and increase the carbon sequestration potential of a field under cultivation. Each practice is defined by NRCS conservation standards; link through
- Cover Cropping
- Planting a crop that will not be harvested or grazed. This can improve water holding capacity and penetration and soil fertility but it can also increase irrigation needs.
- Conservation Crop Rotation
- A planned crop rotation that uses the qualities of the different crops to reduce erosion and nutrient loss
- Applying plant residues, like wood chips, dead cover crops, or compost, to the land.
- Nutrient Management that reduces synthetic fertilizer use by 15%
- Producing a nutrient management plan that improves nutrient application efficiency and timing so that overall synthetic fertilizer use decreases by at least 15%
- No till
- Managing crops without disturbing the soil with tillage operations.
- Reduced till
- Managing crops by only tilling the soil when absolutely necessary and leaving as much soil undisturbed as possible
- Strip Cropping
- Growing strips of erosion-resistant crops in between the strips of crops that are more susceptible to erosion, to decrease the overall erosion potential of a field